CDCD Network and KCAN are partnership companies whose role is the delivery of the Local Development Social Inclusion Programme (LDSIP) in parts of North East Kilkenny and Kilkenny City respectively. As part of the LDSIP Enlargement Project in 2008 they commissioned Market Dynamics to conduct a study of the needs of socially excluded men. The work involved consultations with a range of organizations working with men in both urban and rural areas as well as with socially excluded men themselves. The study report demonstrated that many men suffer from health and educational disadvantage in particular and that changes in employment trends are resulting in a reduction in the number of opportunities in traditional sectors. Areas of particular disadvantage within the county were identified and recommendations made on the best way to address these challenges.